FOR PT STUDENTS ONLY: ITPC

Course Outline in Introduction to Patient Care

 

TOPICS

1

 

OVERVIEW OF THE PRACTICE OF PHYSICAL THERAPY

 

ROLE OF PT IN PATIENT/CAREGIVER EDUCATION

 

Evaluation tools:

Pre-lecture quizzes

Post-lecture quizzes

Group Discussions

2

FOUNDATION OF  PHYSICAL HEALTH CARE PROCESS

  1. Interview and History-Taking
  2. Physical Examination
  3. Patient Management

 

Evaluation tools:

Pre-lecture quizzes

Post-lecture quizzes

Group Discussions

3

ESTABLISHING GOOD COMMUNICATION

 

THE PATIENT ADMISSION AND ASSURANCE OF PATIENT COMFORT

 

Evaluation tools:

Pre-lecture quizzes

Post-lecture quizzes

Group Discussions

 

5

 

BASIC FIRST AID

 

Evaluation tools:

Pre-lecture quizzes

Post-lecture quizzes

Group Discussions

6

Return demo of Basic First Aid

 

Evaluation tools:

Pre-lecture quizzes

Post-lecture quizzes

Mini– pracs

7

PROPER BODY MECHANICS

 

Evaluation tools:

Pre-lecture quizzes

Post-lecture quizzes

Mini- pracs

 

8

 

INTRODUCTION TO VITAL SIGN MONITORING

 

Evaluation tools:

Pre-lecture quizzes

Post-lecture quizzes

Mini- pracs

9

Return Demo of Vital Signs Monitoring

 

 

10 and 11

PR0PER BED POSITIONING AND DRAPING

BED MOBILITY AND TRANSFERS

 

 

Evaluation tools:

Pre-lecture quizzes

Post-lecture quizzes

Mini- pracs

12

Return Demo Of Proper Bed Positioning and Draping

Bed Mobility and Transfers

 

Evaluation tools:

Pre-lecture quizzes

Post-lecture quizzes

Mini- pracs

13 and 14

ASEPSIS AND ANTISEPSIS/ WOUND CARE

CARE  OF EQUIPMENT

( with Clinic Visit)

 

Evaluation tool:

Mini- pracs

References:

Principles of Patient Care by Pierson

Physical Assessment and Rehabilitation by Sullivan

Introduction to Physical Therapy and Patient Care by Reyes and Reyes

 

 

Topic: OVERVIEW OF THE PRACTICE OF PHYSICAL THERAPY

General Objectives:

  1. Understand the principles and concepts in rehabilitation medicine and the physical therapy
  2. Know the role of the physical therapist.
  3. Know the history of the physical therapy in the world and in the Philippines.

Specific Objectives:

  1. Differentiate rehabilitation medicine vs. physical medicine.
  2. Define the practice of Physical Therapy.
  3. Define the following terms according to the WHO definition:
  1. Impairment
  2. Disability
  3. HandicapDifferentiate the practice of Physical therapy and rehabilitation medicine from other medical specialty
  1. Trace the beginnings of the Physical therapy and rehabilitation medicine from other medical specialty.
  2. Trace the beginnings of the physical therapy profession itself and its commencement in the Philippines

 

Topic: ROLE OF PT IN PATIENT/CAREGIVER EDUCATION

General Objectives:

    1. Know the role of PT in patient/caregiver education
    2. Identify the role of  PT in patient/caregiver education.

Specific Objectives:

Define the following terminologies:

  1. Physical Therapy
  2. Caregiver
  3. Physical Therapy Assistant
  4. Physical Therapy Aide

1. Describe the role of PT in patient/caregiver education

2. Enumerate the role PT in patient/caregiver education

3. Demonstrate the role of PT in  patient/caregiver education

 

Topic: FOUNDATION OF  PHYSICAL HEALTH CARE PROCESS

General Objectives:

  1. Understand the physical health care process
  2. Know each part of the physical health care process

Specific Objectives:

  1. To be able to do the following processes:
  1. Interview and History-Taking
  2. Physical Examination
  3. Patient Management

Describe the specific tasks to be performed by the physical therapist during each part of the physical therapy health care process.

 

Topic: UNDERSTANDING PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL REACTIONS TO ILLNESS

Differentiate the psychological and social reactions of different types of physical therapy patients:

  1. Orthopedic patient
  2. Rheumatic Patient
  3. Cardiorespiratory Patient
  4. Neurologic Patient

 

Topic: ESTABLISHING GOOD COMMUNICATION

General Objectives:

  1. Understand the elements of a good communication
  2. Learns the skills involved in establishing good rapport with the patient
  3. Know how to communicate ideas properly through written communication
  4. Learn the important elements of a patient interview

Specific Objectives:

1. Differentiate the following:

a. One-way vs Two-way communication

b. Written vs Oral Communication

2. Enumerate the elements of good oral and written communication

3. Describe how these different factors play a crucial role in communication

  1. use of appropriate non-verbal communication
  2. use of appropriate facial expression
  3. use of well-modulated voice

Topic: THE PATIENT ADMISSION AND ASSURANCE OF PATIENT COMFORT

General Objectives:

  1. Learn the skills needed in admitting a patient in a rehabilitation unit
  2. Observe the proper skills needed in admitting a patient in a rehabilitation unit.
  3. Demonstrate the skills in ensuring patient’s comfort.

Specific Objectives:

  1. Describe an ideal procedure in admitting patients with orthopaedic, rheumatologic, cardiorespiratory and neurologic conditions.
  2. Enumerate practical ways to ensure patients comfort

 

Topic: BASIC FIRST AID

General Objectives:

1. Learn the basic skills in administering basic first aid in common medical emergencies.

2. Demonstrate the skills in applying first aid in common medical emergencies

Specific Objectives:

  1. Identify the common medical emergencies that warrant first aid treatment.
  2. Know and identify the symptoms associated to these common medical emergencies
  3. Differentiate artificial respiration from cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  4. Know and Demonstrate the steps in conducting artificial respiration.
  5. Know and Demonstrate the basic steps in performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

 

Topic: PROPER BODY MECHANICS

General Objectives:

  1. Know the principles of proper body mechanics.
  2. Know the importance of observing proper posture in the physical therapy profession
  3. Knowing the principles of proper patient positioning in various conditions

 

Specific Objectives:

  1. Define posture and body mechanics
  2. Describe the appropriate position of the head, trunk and extremities in standing, sitting and lying
  3. Knowing the different techniques in observing proper body mechanics.

 

Topic: INTRODUCTION TO VITAL SIGN MONITORING

General Objectives:

  1. Know the principles of vital signs monitoring
  2. Appreciate the importance of monitoring the vital signs of a patient
  3. Know and identify the tools in monitoring vital signs
  4. Demonstrate the skills assessing the following vital signs:
  1. Blood Pressure
  2. Pulse
  3. Respiration
  4. Body Temperature

 

  1. Communicate and Interpret the results taken

 

Specific Objectives:

  1. Define the following:
    1. Vital Signs
    2. Blood Pressure
    3. Respiration
  2. State the importance of Vital Signs
  3. Explain the following terminologies:
    1. Thermoregulation
    2. Regulation of BP and Pulse Rate
    3. Regulation of Respiration
  4. Enumerate and explain the factors that affect vital signs
  5. Describe the parameters and correct technique in assessing pulse
  6. Identify the sites in assessing pulse
  7. Define the following:
    1. Basal Pressure
    2. Systolic
    3. Diastolic
    4. Pulse Pressure
  8. Identify and explain the methods in determining blood pressure
  9. Explain the steps in getting the blood pressure
  10. Describe the parameters and correct technique in assessing respiration
  11. Describe the parameters and correct technique in assessing body temperature
  12. Describe the different methodologies in assessing temperature
  13. know the normal values in vital sign monitoring

 

Topic:              PR0PER BED POSITIONING AND DRAPING

General Objectives:

  1. Learn and apply .the principles of proper bed positioning
  2. Learn and apply .the principles of preventive positioning for various conditions
  3. Learn and apply .the principles of proper draping

 

Specific Objectives:

  1. Define the following terminologies:
  1. Patient Positioning
  2. Preventive Positioning
  3. Draping
  4. Fowler’s Position
  5. Semi-Fowler’s position
  6. Trendelenburg
  7. Reverse Trendelendurg
  8. Contour
  9. Hyperextension
  1. State the importance/purpose of proper bed positioning, preventive positioning and draping
  2. Describe the appropriate position in supine, prone, side lying, sitting and standing
  3. Differentiate and demonstrate the following positions:

 

  1. State the guiding principles for proper bed positioning
  2. Perform the proper positioning for a patient
  3. Enumerate the supportive tools or aids used in proper bed positioning, preventive positioning and draping
  4. State the rationale for draping
  5. Perform proper draping techniques for the following parts to be treated
  1. Upper Back
  2. Lower Back
  3. Shoulder Area
  4. Thigh Area

 

  1. Demonstrate preventive positioning for the following conditions:
  1. Edema
  2. Pressure Sores
  3. Stroke
  4. Burns/Grated Skin
  5. Hyperextension
  6. Difficulty in Breathing
  7. Contracture and Adhesions
  8. Acutely inflamed joints

 

Topic: BED MOBILITY AND TRANSFERS

 

General Objectives:

  1. Learn the basic principles of bed mobility and transfer technique.
  2. Apply the concepts and principles of bed mobility and transfer technique
  3. Develop and demonstrate the different techniques of bed mobility and transfers

 

Specific Objectives:

  1. Define the following terms:
  1. Bed Mobility
  2. Transfers
  1. Classify transfer technique into independent , semi-independent and dependent transfer.
  2. Enumerate the different types of transfer techniques
  3. Explain the steps in performing transfer technique to a patient
  4. Observe the general precaution for doing transfer techniques for various conditions.
  5. Use of proper body mechanics in doing transfer
  6. Explain the technique in doing bed mobility skills
  7. Teach patient in doing bed mobility skills

 

Topic: ASEPSIS AND ANTISEPSIS

 

General Objectives:

  1. Know the principles of asepsis and antisepsis
  2. Know the different methods of  asepsis and antisepsis
  3. Develop skills and demonstrate the methods of asepsis and antisepsis

 

Specific Objectives:

  1. Define the following
  1. Asepsis
  2. Antisepsis
  3. Sterilization
  4. Disinfections
  5. Antiseptic
  6. Disinfectant
  7. Germicide or Bactericide
  8. Debridement

 

  1. Explain the steps in performing antisepsis
  2. Apply the different methods of sterilization
  1. Mechanical Methods
  2. Thermal Methods
  3. Chemical Methods
  4. Physical Methods

 

  1. Explain the steps in performing antisepsis
  2. Apply the different methods of sterilization
  3. Explain the rationale of observing antisepsis

 

Topic: CARE  OF EQUIPMENT

 

General Objective:

  1. Learn the procedures in the proper care of equipment
  2. Demonstrate proper steps in the care of equipments

 

Specific Objectives:

  1. Identify the basic steps in operating common physical therapy equipments and modalities
  2. Describe the different modalities commonly used in Physical Therapy
  3. Know the proper procedure in the after care of Physical Therapy Equipment

 

Grading System:

Lec/Lab

Attendance                             : 10%

Class Participation                  : 20%                                                   Prelim              : 30%

Individual                                                                                   Midterm          : 30%

Group Activity                                                                            Finals               : 30%

Quizzes/mini-pracs                  : 30%                                                   Class Output   : 10%

Long Exam/grand-pracs          : 40%

Laboratory requirements:

Kines suit

Slippers / flip flops

Pillows

Mattresses

Towels for draping

Thermometer- both electronic and mercurial

Sphygmomanometer- both electronic and manual

Stethoscope

Different types of bandage

Gauze